Here is some of the information I recently shared in the November newsletter. Each newsletter has a specific focus. This newsletter is focused on PTSD and trauma. If you would be interested in receiving my newsletters, which include links to the studies as well as special offers and sales coupons, please head over to my contact page and sign up.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
STUDIES and ARTICLES
1. A research paper, titled Trauma Treatment through Art Therapy (TT-AT): A “women and trauma” group in Tanzania, published in International Journal of Art Therapy in Aug 2021. Six different art therapy workshops developed to address: Emotion regulation, relationships, self-identity, gradual exposure to trauma, integration of trauma & personal resources. Conclusion: Short-term art therapy interventions was useful with women in low-income countries.
2. A study titled Trauma-induced heme release increases susceptibility to bacterial infection published in JCI Insight in Oct 2021 concludes: Infection is a common complication of major trauma that causes significantly increased morbidity and mortality. ..tissue trauma both impaired bacterial clearance and was associated with significant elevations in plasma heme levels. While neutrophil (PMN) recruitment to the lung in response to Staphylococcus aureus was unchanged after trauma, PMN cleared bacteria poorly.
3. A study titled Epigenetics of childhood trauma: Long term sequelae and potential for treatment, published in Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews in Jan 2022 highlights:
⁃ Childhood trauma is a major risk factor for neuropsychiatric disorders, including depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar, anxiety disorders, psychosis, and schizophrenia
⁃ Long-term epigenetic changes occur in the brain of adults with a history of childhood trauma
4. An intriguing study titled Diet quality and exercise in older veterans with PTSD: a pilot study, published in TBM (Society of Behavioral Medicine) in 2021 concludes: Supervised exercise intervention was not associated with changes in diet quality. Results revealed that the diet quality of older veterans with PTSD is poor, and while the exercise intervention improved health through exercise, it did not make veterans any more likely to adopt a more healthful diet.
5. A research article titled Associations between Irritable Bowel Syndrome and post-traumatic stress disorder among veteran populations, published in OpenBU in 2021 concludes: PTSD in combat-exposed veterans did not incur a risk for association with IBS but did so for GERD. Specifically, PTSD in combat-exposed veterans incurred a risk for the association GERD without esophagitis and was positively correlated to the severity of PTSD symptoms. Also, the re-experiencing symptom subtype of PTSD was associated with a higher rate of IBS
6. A study titled Brain Responses to a Self-compassion Induction in Trauma Survivors with and without Post-traumatic Stress Disorder, published in Open Research Exeterin Mar 2022 concludes: ... findings provide evidence for potential neural biomarkers for quantitatively differentiating PTSD subgroups (full PTSD, no PTSD, subsyndromal PTSD).
7. A study titled Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms Increase the Efficiency of Memory Functioning for Trauma-Related Information, published in Cambridge University Press in Feb 2022 concludes: contrary to expectations, the findings suggest that the encoding of trauma-related information in PTSD is relatively independent from the availability of cognitive resources. Thus, rather than reflecting an increased allocation of cognitive resources to the processing of threatening information, memory biases in PTSD appeared to be supported by an enhanced efficiency of their processing.
8. A study titled The Prevalence of PTSD among Dementia Caregivers, published in ScholarWorks University of Montana in 2022 concludes: Almost one out of four dementia caregivers might be experiencing acute stress disorder/PTSD. This prevalence rate is greater than the general US population, nurses, emergency medical responders, and veterans.
9. A study titled Trauma-related but not PTSD-related increases in hair cortisol concentrations in military personnel published in Journal of Psychiatric Research in Jun 2022 concludes:
⁃ Hair cortisol was higher in trauma-exposed compared to non-exposed service members
⁃ Hair cortisol did not differ between PTSD patients and trauma-exposed controls
⁃ Within PTSD patients, hair cortisol did not correlate with symptom severity
⁃ Enhanced cumulative cortisol output indicates trauma exposure there than PTSD.
10. A study titled Tai Chi and Qigong for trauma-exposed populations: A systematic review published in Mental Health and Physical Activity in Mar 2022 concludes:
⁃ Tai Chi and/or Qigong appears to be safe, feasible, and acceptable for individuals post trauma
⁃ Tai Chi and/or Qigong may improve well-being and functioning and reduce post-trauma symptoms.